This Diet May Lower Women’s Hip Fracture Risk

The regimen seemed to provide a slight benefit, researchers say

WebMD News from HealthDay
By Robert Preidt

HealthDay Reporter

MONDAY, March 28, 2016 (HealthDay News) — Eating a Mediterranean diet may at least slightly lower an older woman’s risk for hip fracture, a new study suggests.

Women who most closely followed a Mediterranean diet — one high in fruits, vegetables, nuts, legumes and whole grains — had a 20 percent lower risk for hip fractures compared to women who didn’t follow this regimen, the researchers found.
The study couldn’t prove cause-and-effect, however. And the researchers stressed that the absolute reduction in risk of a hip fracture for any one woman was still pretty slight — only about a third of one percent.

Nevertheless, “these results support the notion that following a healthy dietary pattern may play a role in the maintenance of bone health in postmenopausal women,” concluded a research team led by Dr. Bernhard Haring of the University of Wurzburg in Germany.

The study was published online March 28 in the journal JAMA Internal Medicine.

One expert in the United States believes that diet can be very important to bone health as people age. However, which diet might be best remains unclear, according to Dr. Michael Hepinstall.

Research “generally supports the idea that adequate nutrition has health benefits that may extend to a lower risk of hip fractures,” said Hepinstall, an orthopedic surgeon at the Lenox Hill Hospital Center for Joint Preservation & Reconstruction, in New York City.

“Nevertheless, the results of this study are not convincing enough to confirm that the Mediterranean diet is best, nor do they suggest that an individual adopting a Mediterranean diet can be confident that they have taken adequate measures to reduce fracture risk,” he said.

In the study, the German team examined the link between diet and bone health in more than 90,000 healthy American women, whose average age was 64. They were tracked for nearly 16 years.

While the team found a slight trend in favor of the Mediterranean diet and a lower risk of hip fracture in particular, the diet did not seem to lower the odds for fractures overall.

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